文件 middle3 unit21.1.doc
【 抛砖引玉 】
bit , size , suit , dollar , perhaps , retell , dinner , pardon , brush , simple , finger , be worn out , dark blue suit , either… or light green dress , the following week , a bit , think about , sell out , never mind , so … that , be busy doing , on and on , just a moment , in surprise , fall over
My shoes are worn out .
How much does it cost ?
They were either too big or too small .
The suit was so expensive that he could not buy it .
Ⅲ . 语法学习
2. 由 so… that … 引导的表示结果的状语从句。
【 指点迷津 】
1 . pair 一对；一双
I need a pair of shoes .
The children came in pairs .
〖 点拨 〗pair可作量词连接可数名词和不可数名词，如：a pair of glasses 一幅眼睛。two pairs of paper两张纸。 a pair of new shoes 一双新鞋。in pairs 成双，成对。
2 . size 尺寸；大小
What size shoes do you wear ?
This book ( house ) is the same size as that .
〖 点拨 〗medium - sized 中号 ( 型 ) 的，large - sized 大号 ( 型 ) 的。the same size as …同…一样大。
3 . bit 一点儿；小片
Have you a little bit of bread ?
〖 点拨 〗 a bit 用于形容词前，指“有点，相当”，a bit of 用于名词前，表示一点点
。not a bit 一点也不，而 not a little 相当于 very。
4 . suit 一套 ( 衣服 ) ；西服
Father bought him a suit of new clothes .
His new suit doesn\t fit well .
〖 点拨 〗 suit 还可作动词用表示： ( 衣服、颜色等 ) 合身、适合，如：The new dress suits you very well .
5 . name 1 ) 命名；名叫；说出……名字
I know a girl named Joan .
Can you name all the flowers in the garden ?
2 ) 名字，姓名，名称
Her name is Mary .
〖 点拨 〗name sb . sth 给某人起名叫……。Someone named … 名叫……的一个人。
6 . for 因为 ( 连词 )
I asked her to stay to tea , for I had something to tell her .
We must start early for we have a long way to go .
〖 点拨 〗for 常引导补充说明的理由原因。不能回答 why 提出的问题。
7 . dollar 美元
Dollar is a unit of money used in the U . S . A , Canada , and some other countries .
〖 点拨 〗dollar 前有数词修饰时，dollar 须加 -s。
8 . perhaps 可能；也许
Perhaps he will be there , but perhaps he won\t .
Perhaps she wasn\t angry with you .
〖 点拨 〗perhaps 也许，是“也许如此，也许不如此”的意思。语气很委婉、相当于 maybe。
9 . retell 重述；重讲
The children are asked to retell the story .
〖 点拨 〗retell 是由动词 tell 加前缀 re - 构成，前缀 re - 表示“又、再、重”。如：rewrite 重写。
10 . dinner 正餐；宴会
It\s time for dinner .
I\m busy cooking dinner .
Shall we give a dinner for her birthday ?
〖 点拨 〗表示“吃饭”的动词，英国人一般用 have , 美国人用 eat , dinner 前加冠词表示一顿一顿的饭食，不用冠词时，通常表示吃饭这件事。
11 . pardon 原谅；宽恕；对不起
Pardon me for being late .
Please pardon me for waking you .
I beg your pardon . I don\t know this was your seat .
〖 点拨 〗I beg your pardon . = Beg your pardon . = Pardon . 读升调时，意思是“请再说一遍”。读降调时，意思是“请原谅，对不起”。 pardon sb . for ……原谅某人……
12 . dirty 脏的
My dress is getting dirty .
Wash your dirty face ( hands ) .
13 . brush 1 ) 刷；擦 ( 动词 ) 2 ) 刷子 ( 名词 )
Brush your teeth every morning .
〖 点拨 〗a tooth brush 牙刷 / a clothes brush 衣刷 a writing brush 毛笔
14 . simple 简单的；简易的；简朴的
The book is written in simple English .
The old man lived a simple life .
〖 点拨 〗live a simple life 过朴素的生活
16 . finger 手指
We use our fingers to feel and pick up things .
〖 点拨 〗大姆指：thumb , the forefinger 食指 , the middle finger 中指, the ring finger 无名指, the little finger 小指 。
1 . wear out 穿坏；穿旧；用尽， ( 使 ) 精疲力尽
I have worn my shoes out , I must get another pair .
We were worn out after climbing the mountain .
2 . a pair of 一对；一双；一副
My sister gave me a pair of new shoes .
He wears a pair of glasses .
a pair of socks 一双短袜 / a pair of trousers 一条裤子
3 . at the moment 此刻
Mrs Green is working in the garden at the moment .
4 . just a moment 等一会儿
Just a moment , she is coming . 请稍等片刻，她就来。
5 . a bit 有点 ( = a little )
He was a bit angry .
Please wait a bit .
I\m not a bit hungry .
He knows a bit of English .
6 . the last time 上次，最后一次
The last time I saw him was last week .
When I saw him the last time , he was quite well .
7 . never mind 不要紧；没关系
—— Let me carry the box for you .
—— Never mind , It isn\t heavy . I can do it myself .
—— I forgot to bring your book .
—— Never mind about that , I\ll get it back tomorrow .
8 . in surprise 惊奇地
He looked at me in surprise with his mouth open .
说明：to one\s surprise使某人感到惊奇的是……如：
To my surprise , the little girl can carry such a heavy box . 使我惊奇的是，那个小女孩竟能搬动那么重的箱子。
9 . much too 实在太；过于
You are much too kind to me .
辨析：much too 与 too much 不同。too much 是“太多…”的意思，用在不可数
It\s much too cold . 天气实在太冷。( much 是程度副词，修饰 too，加强语气 )
We\ve had too much rain lately . 最近我们这里的雨下得太多了。 ( much 是修饰 rain 的形容词，又被 too 修饰 )
10 . think about 思考；思虑；回想
What are you thinking about ?
They are thinking about leaving tomorrow .
11 . sell out 售完
The old woman has sold out all the eggs .
12 . so…that… 如此……以致于……
His shoes were so dirty that he must brush them .
13 . be busy （in）doing… = be busy with + n . 忙于做某事
He was busy (in)getting ready for his journey . = He is busy with the journey .
14 . fall over 摔倒
It\s easy for you to fall over when you walk on the ice .
15 . on and on 继续；不断
We walked on and on .
The old woman talked on and on .
【 学法指要 】
1 . Can\t they be mended ? 难道它们 ( 鞋子 ) 不能修吗 ?
以否定形式提问的疑问句叫否定疑问句。这种疑问句包括一般疑问句和特殊疑问句的结构。句中的 not 可以和有关的 be、have 以及助动词、情态动词结合，构成 - n\t 形式放在主语之前。
Can\t you ( really ) ride a bicycle ?
Haven\t you forgotten something ? 难道你们没忘记什么吗 ?
2 . They were so pleased to see each other that they forgot everything else . 他们彼此见面，格外高兴，把所有的事都忘了。
①so…that 意思是“如此……以致。”so 修饰它后面的形容